Objectives:the paper intends to provide a comparative analysis about the structure of government, legislative process and the role of the judiciary to have better understanding of the Indian polity.

Module– I: Public Law and It’s Role in Governance

1.1 Nature of Public Law

1.2 Distinction between public and private law

1.3 Scope of Public law – Constitutional law, Administrative law and Criminal law

1.4 Basic concepts of Public Law

1.5 Principles of Accountability and Public Law

Module – II: Basic Principles of organization of Government and Forms of Government

2.1 Presidential and Parliamentary forms of Government

2.2 Federal and Unitary Governments

2.3 Forms of Governments

Federal and Unitary Forms

(a) Features, Advantages, and Disadvantages

(b) Model of Federalism and Concept of Quasi-Federalism

(c) Role of Courts in Preserving Federalism

Module – III: Study of Comparative Constitutional Law

  1. Relevance
  2. Problems and Concerns in Using Comparison

Module – IV: Constitutional Foundations of Powers

  1. Supremacy of Legislature in Law Making
  2. Rule of Law

(a) Dicey’s Concept of Rule of Law

(b) Modern Concept of Rule of Law

(c) Social and Economics Rights as Part of Rule of Law

  1. Separation of Powers

(a) Concept of Separation of Powers

(b) Checks and Balances

(c) Separation of Powers or Separation of Functions

Module – IV: Comparative Criminal Law- Common Law, Civil Law

  1. Domestic Violations-International, National
  2. Provisions relating to Rape
  3. Plea Bargaining-USA, India
  4. White Collar Crimes
  5. Juvenile Justice

Module-V: Comparative Administrative Law

  1. French concept of Separation of Powers and Administrative Courts
  2. Droit Administratiff
  3. Administrative courts in France
  4. Councel d’ etat
  5. Scope of Judicial Review in UK
  6. Scope of Judicial Review in US
  7. Public Interest Litigation in India and US

Module-VI: Global Administrative Law

  1. Globalization and Global Governance
  2. Players in Global Governance – Public, Private, and Hybrid
  3. Emergence of Global Administrative Law: Bottom – up and Top – down approach
  4. Global Administrative Law: Perspectives of Developing Countries

Books Recommended:

  1. Christopher Forsyth, Mark Elliott, Swati Jhaveri, Effective Judicial Review: A Cornerstone of Good Governance (Oxford University Press, 2010).
  2. D.D. Basu, Comparative Constitutional Law ( 2nd ed., Wadhwa Nagpur).
  3. David Strauss, The Living Constitution (Oxford University Press, 2010)
  4. Dr. Subhash C Kashyap, Framing of Indian Constitution (Universal Law, 2004)
  5. Elizabeth Giussani, Constitutional and Administrative Law (Sweet and Maxwell, 2008).
  6. Erwin Chemerinsky, Constitutional Law, Principles and Policies (3rd ed., Aspen, 2006)
  7. M.V. Pylee, Constitution of the World (Universal, 2006)
  8. Mahendra P. Singh, Comparative Constitutional Law (Eastern Book Company, 1989).
  9. Neal Devins and Louis Fisher, The Democratic Constitution (Oxford University Press, 2010)
  10. S.N Ray, Judicial Review and Fundamental Rights (Eastern Law House, 1974).
  11. Sudhir Krishna Swamy, Democracy and constitutionalism in India – A Study of the Basic Structure Doctrine (Oxford University Press, 2009)
  12. Sunil Khilnani,VikramRaghavan, ArunThiruvengadam, Comparative Constitutionalism in South Asia (Oxford University Press, 2013).
  13. Vikram David Amar, Mark Tushnet, Global Perspectives on Constitutional Law (Oxford University Press, 2009).
  14. Zachery Elkins, Tom Ginsburg, James Melton, The Endurance of National Constitutions (Cambridge University Press, 2009).


  1. AmanUllah and UzairSamee, “Basic Structure of Constitution: Impact of KesavanandaBharati on Constitutional Status of Fundamental Rights”, Vol. 26 (2) South Asian Studies 299-309 (JulyDecember 2011).
  2. Anne Smith, “Internationalization and Constitutional Borrowing in Drafting Bills of Rights”, 60(4) International and Comparative Law Quarterly 867-894 (2011October).
  3. Bruce Ackerman, “The New Separation of Powers” 113 (3) Harv. L. Rev. 634-729 (2000)
  4. Bryan Clark and Amanda Leiter, “Regulatory hide and seek: What agencies can (and can’t) do to limit judicial review” 52(5) Boston College Law Review 1687-1732 (2011 November)
  5. Chhavi Agarwal, “ Rule of Law: Reflection upon we the People and Beyond” 252 (1) Madras Law Journal 8-16 (2010)
  6. Daniel B. Rodriguez, “Change that matters: Essay on State Constitutional Development”, 115(4) Penn State Law Review 1073-1098 (Spring 2011).
  7. Daryl Levinson and Richard H. Pildes “Separation of Parties, Not Powers” 119(8) Harvard Law Review 2311-2386 (2006).
  8. David King, “Formalizing Local Constitutional Standards of Review and the Implications for Federalism” 97 (7) Virginia Law Review 1685-1726 (November 2011). * Suggested Readings are not exhaustive. Need to be supplemented with additional readings.
  9. David Staruss, “Do we Have a Living Constitution” 59 (4) Drake Law Review 973-984 (2011 Summer)
  10. Devi Prasad Singh, “Sovereignty, Judicial Review and Separation of Power”, 7(5) Supreme Court Cases 1-13 (2012 September)
  11. Glen Staszewski, “Political Reasons, Deliberative Democracy and Administrative Law”, 97(3) Iowa Law Review 849-912 (2012 March):
  12. Ishwara Bhat, “Why and how Federalism matters in Elimination of Disparities and Promotion of Equal Opportunities for Positive Rights”, 54(3) Journal of the Indian Law Institute 324-363 (July-Sept 2012).
  13. Jessica Bulman, “Federalism as a safeguard of the Separation of Powers”, 112(3) Columbia Law Review 459-506 (2012 April)
  14. Jonathan Siegel, “Institutional case for Judicial Review” 97(4) Iowa Law Review 1147-1200 (2012 May).
  15. K.K. Venugopal, “Separation of Power and the Supreme Court of India”, Vol. 2 No. 2 Journal of Law and Social Policy 64-82 (July 2008).
  16. Linda Bosniak, “Persons and Citizens in Constitutional Thought” 8 (1) International Journal of Constitutional Law 9-29 (January 2010).
  17. Mark Tushnet, “The Possibilities of Comparative Constitutional Law”, 108 Yale.L.J. 1225 (1999). 18. Nathan Chapman, “Due Process as Separation of Powers”, 121(7) Yale Law Journal 1672-1807 (2012 May).
  18. Quinn Rosenkranz, “Subjects of the Constitution” 62 (5) Stanford Law Review 1209-1292 (May 2010)
  19. Rajvir Sharma, “Judiciary as Change Agent: Some insights into the Changing role of Judiciary in India”, 58(2) Indian Journal of Public Administration 264-286 (2012 April-June).
  20. Rebecca Brown, “Assisted Living for the Constitution” 59 (4) Drake Law Review 985-1000 (2011 Summer).
  21. Schapiro., “Judicial Federalism and the Challenges of State Constitutional Contestation”, 115(4) Penn State Law Review 983-1006 (2011 Spring). 23. Tom Ginsburg, Eric Posner, “Sub Constitutionalism” 62 (6) Stanford Law Review 1583-1628 (June 2010).