BA.LLB (Hons.) 5 Year


Political Science – I



Political Science-I

Course Introduction:

Political Science is a very useful social discipline. Its concepts, theories and methods are the outcome of a long academic tradition that started twenty five hundred years ago with Aristotle and Plato. Since then many philosophers and scholars like Machiavelli, J. S. Mill, Rousseau, Hegel, Marx and Gandhi have contributed theirs theories and enriched the subject. The concepts like state, sovereignty, power, authority, legitimacy, liberty, equality, democracy, justice have been analyzed in a scientifically as well philosophically and political theories have been formulated.

The understanding of these theories can be very useful for our students of law who will be confronting these concepts in coming days.Political science provides students the understanding of the processes of politics… at the national and International level. Such an understanding is very useful in many ways .In the first place, the political participation of such people who understand the processes of politics is much higher than those who don’t understand it. Secondly, the study of political science enlightens the people about basic elements of politics and makes the process of reconciliation easy as the politics involves resolutions of conflicts. The failure to recognize these basic elements of politics creates various confusions in society.

Course Objective:

At the conclusion of this course, having completed the various learning activities and assessments, student should be able to:

  1. Explain the most important concepts like state, the concepts like state, sovereignty, power, politics, authority, legitimacy, liberty.
  2. Explain the relation of law with all these concepts like liberty, equality rights etc.
  3. See the relevance of all these concepts like equality, liberty, justice etc. in our society.
  4. See the real nature of politics and its importance in resolving conflicts in our society.

Course Outcome:

  1. A student who successfully completes this subject will have a general understanding of the political theory and its different concepts; state, politics, political power, authority, legitimacy etc.
  2. Understand and be able apply the knowledge of these concepts to his understanding of our society and its different systems like social, political and economic.
  3. Demonstrate awareness of the politics, political processes, and political activities and political power.

Module-I     Political Science

  • Meaning and definition of political Science
  • Nature, scope of Political Science
  • Relation of Political Science with other social Sciences; History,

Economics and Law.

Module II-   State; meaning, definition, dominant perspectives;

  • Liberal perspective of state
  • Marxist perspective of state
  • Gandhian perspective of state

 Module–III- Sovereignty

  • Meaning and definition of sovereignty.
  • Austin’s theory of sovereignty.
  • Pluralistic theory of sovereignty

Module IV – Government Its Organs and Types.

  • Legislature-Its Functions and Organization Bicameral and Unicameral.
  • Executive Types and Functions.
  • Judiciary, Its functions and Independence.

Module V  – Government Its Types.

5.1.  Democracy and Dictatorship

  1. Meaning and definition of democracy.
  2. Types of Democracy; Direct Democracy, Representative democracy, Participatory democracy, Social democracy.
  3. Elitist theory of democracy

5.2.  Parliamentary and Presidential Government.

Federal and Unitary Government.

Module VI  -Political Theory and Political Concepts.

  • Political Theory; Meaning Nature and Significance.
  • Traditional and Modern Political theory.

Module VII-  Power, Politics Authority and Legitimacy.

7.1         Power

  1. Meaning and definition of power, National Power. Its elements.
  2. National Power and National Interest. 

    7.2          Authority

  1. Meaning and definition of Authority.
  2. Distinction between power and authority.

    7.3           Politics

  1. Meaning and definition of politics.
  2. Power and Politics.

7.4         Legitimacy

  1. Meaning and definition of Legitimacy 2. Relation of Authority and legitimacy 

Module –VIII        Rights, Duties

  • Definition of rights.
  • Theories of rights.
  • Duty; its meaning, types and  relation between rights and duties.- 

Module IX.    Equality Liberty and Justice. 

9.1     Equality

  1. and definition of Equality.
  2. Types of Equality; social Meaning equality, economic equality, political equality.
  3. Relation between equality and liberty.

9.2    Liberty

  1. Meaning and definition of liberty.
  2. Negative and positive liberty.
  3. Relation between law and liberty.

9.3    Justice   

  1. Meaning and definition of justice.
  2. Rawls; theory of justice.
  3. Justice and Equality. 

Books Recommended 

  1. Arora, N.D., and Awasthi, S.S., Political Theory, New Delhi: Har –Anand Ltd., 1999.Publication Pvt.
  2. Ashirvatham, Eddy and Mishra, K.K. Political Theory, New Delhi: S.Chand&Company.
  3. Barker, Earnest, The Principles of Social Theory, oxford University Press, Oxford.
  4. Sabine George H., A History of political Theory, Oxford & I.B.H, Oxford.
  5. Berlin Isaiah, Four Essays on Liberty Oxford University Oxford. 1975.
  6. Ebenstein, William, Great Political Thinkers: Plato to Pres.