B.A.LLB (Hons.)

5 Year


Law of Tort (Including MV Accident Act & Consumer Protection Laws)




Module – I  Nature & Definition of Tort

  • Definition & Essential Conditions of Tort
  • Mental element in Tortuous Liability
  • General Defences in Tort – Volenti Non Fit Injuria, Plaintiff the wrongdoer, Inevitable accident, Act of God, Private Defence, Mistake, Necessity, Statutory authority

Module – II Negligence, Nuisance & Nervous Shock

2.1                   Meaning, Essentials of Negligence

2.2                   Kinds of Negligence – Contributory & Composite

2.3                   Res Ipsa Loquitur (Proof of Negligence)

2.4                   Defences to Negligence & Professional liability for Negligence

2.5                   Kinds of Nuisance – Public & Private Nuisance

2.6                   Defences to Nuisance

2.7                   Nervous Shock

Module – III         Defamation, Trespass, Malicious Prosecution

3.1                   Meaning & Essentials of Defamation

3.2                   Defences to Defamation

3.3                   Trespass to Person – Assault, Battery, false Imprisonment

3.4                   Trespass to Property

3.5                   Trespass to Goods– Detinue, Conversion

3.6                   Malicious Prosecution

Module – IV         Strict, Absolute & Vicarious Liability

4.1                   Strict / No Fault Liability

4.2                   Rule in Rylands v Fletcher & its applicability in India

4.3                   Rule of Absolute Liability (Rule in M.C Mehta Case)

4.4                   Meaning & Principles of Vicarious Liability and Vicarious Liability of State

Module – V           Remedies under Law of Torts

5.1                   Remedies under Law of Torts

5.2                   Remoteness of Damage

5.3                   Occupier’s Liability for Dangerous Premises

Module – VI         Consumer Protection Act& Motor Vehicles Act

6.1                   Meaning of Consumer & Deficiency in Service

6.2                   Consumer Protection Redressal Agencies

6.3                   Insurer’s Liability for Third Party Risk

6.4                   Extent of Liability of Insurer under MV Act, 1988

6.5                   Claims Tribunal

Suggested Reading:

  1. V.H. Rogers, Winfield and Jolowicz on Tort, Sweet & Maxwell, 2010 (18th Edn)
  2. Ratanlal & Dhirajlal, The Law of Torts, Lexis Nexis, 2013 (26th Edn)
  3. M. Gandhi, Law of Torts with Law of Statutory Compensation and Consumer Protection, Eastern Book Company, 2011 (4th Edn)
  4. K. Bangia, Law of Torts including Compensation under the Motor Vehicles Act and Consumer Protection Laws, Allahabad Law Agency, 2013
  5. Ramaswamy Iyer’s , The Law of Torts, Lexis Nexis, 2007 (10th Edn)