BA.LLB (Hons.) III Indian Government and Politics




Course Introduction:

Political Science is a very useful social discipline. Its concepts, theories and methods are the outcome of a long academic tradition that started twenty five hundred years ago with Aristotle and Plato. Since then many philosophers and scholars like Machiavelli, J. S. Mill, Rousseau, Hegel, Marx and Gandhi have contributed theirs theories and enriched the subject. The concepts like state, sovereignty, power, authority, legitimacy, liberty, equality, democracy, justice have been analyzed in a scientifically as well philosophically and political theories have been formulated. The understanding of these theories can be very useful for our students of law who will be confronting these concepts in coming days.

Political science provides students the understanding of the processes of politics. Such an understanding is very useful in many ways .In the first place, the political participation of such people who understand the processes of politics is much higher than those who don’t understand it. Secondly, the study of political science enlightens the people about basic elements of politics and makes the process of reconciliation easy as the politics involves resolutions of conflicts. The failure to recognize these basic elements of politics creates various confusions in society.

Once our students have mastered political theory in first trimester the course, Indian Government and Politics, would offer them an interesting study in many ways. In the first place they would get familiar to the structure of union and state governments as outlined in the Indian constitution. Secondly, the study of the political institutions in the light of constitutional provisions needs to be supplemented by the style and contents of the politics in Indian political domain. Thirdly, the extra constitutional agencies like political parties, caste regional religious and linguistic groups also need to be analyzed in order to have the complete insight into the political system of our country. The political trends like; the political  Issues of black money, corruption politicizing caste, Communalisms vs. Secularism debate, growth of regionalism, role of language, etc.  need to be looked into. The course Indian Government and Politics has been framed keeping in view of these considerations.

Course Objective: 

At the conclusion of this course, having completed the various learning activities and assessments, student should be able to:

  1. Explain the political structure of the government both at the union as well state level.
  2. Explain the philosophy of our constitution as laid in the preamble and other sections of our constitution.
  3. Grasp the issues of politics as well the role of caste, region, religion and language.
  4. See the real nature of politics and role of money, muscle power. 

 Course Outcome:

  1. A student who successfully completes this subject will have a general understanding of the Indian Government both at the union as well state level.
  2. Understand the nature of politics at both levels; state as well centre.
  3. Demonstrate awareness of the Indian Government and politics. The student would better understand the political issues, political processes, and political activities. 

Module-I     The making of Indian constitution and its sources. 

  1. The composition and status of Constituent assembly.
  2. Seminal sources of Indian Constitution..
  3. Influence of other countries.
  4. Developing sources.

Module –II   The Preamble of the Indian constitution 

  1. Main features of the preamble of Indian Constitution.
  2. Evaluation of the preamble. 

Module-III     Features of Indian Constitution. 

Salient Features of Indian Constitution

Module –IV   Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties.

  1. Nature and importance of fundamental rights as given in  Indian constitution
  2. Right to Equality and liberty as described in Indian constitution.
  3. Right to constitutional remedies.
  4. The right against exploitation, Cultural and Educational Rights.
  5. Right to education and right to freedom of religion.
  6. Fundamental Duties. 

Module-V      Directive Principles of State Policy

  1. Nature and importance of Directive Principles of State Policy  as given in  Indian constitution
  2. Classification of Directive principles of state policy. 

Module-VI      Union Government; President, Parliament, Cabinet and Prime Minister 

  1. Parliament its organization, powers and role.
  2. President; election, powers and position.
  3. Prime Minister; appointment, functions and role. 

Module –VII    State Government; Governor, State legislature, Council of ministers and Chief Minister. 

  1. State Legislature; organization powers and role.
  2. Governor; appointment, functions and role.
  3. Chief Minister, appointment, functions and role. 

Books Recommended 

  1. Rajani Kothari, Politics in India, Orient Longman, 1970.
  2. D.Basu, An Introduction to the Constitution of India, New Delhi, Prentice Hall, 1980.
  3. Austin, The Indian Constitution: Corner Stone of a Nation, Oxford University Press, 1966.
  4. P. Bhambhari, The Indian state,: fifty years, New Delhi, Shipra, 1997.
  5. V.Pylee, Constitutional Government in India, Bombay, Asia Publishing house,1977.
  6. C.Johri, Indian politics, Vishal publication Agra.
  7. Weiner, Party Politics in India, Princeton University Press, 1957.