|PROGRAMME||SEMESTER||COURSE NAME||COURSE CODE|
|BA LL.B (Hons.) 5 Year||IV||Environmental Studies|
Module – I Introduction to Environmental studies
- Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies
- Scope and importance; Need for public awareness
Module – II Ecosystems
- What is an ecosystem?
- Structure and function of ecosystem;
- Energy flow in an ecosystem: food chains, food webs and ecological succession.
- Case studies of the following ecosystems : a) Forest ecosystem b) Grassland ecosystem c) Desert ecosystem d) Aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries)
Module – III Natural Resources: Renewable and Non-renewable Resources
- Land resources and land use change; Land degradation, soil erosion and desertification.
- Deforestation: Causes and impacts due to mining, dam building on environment, forests, biodiversity and tribal populations.
- Water: Use and over-exploitation of surface and ground water, floods, droughts, conflicts, over water (international & inter-state).
- Energy resources: Renewable and non renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources, growing energy needs, case studies.
Module – IV Biodiversity and Conservation
- Levels of biological diversity : genetic, species and ecosystem diversity; Bio-geographic zones of India; Biodiversity patterns and global biodiversity hot spots
- India as a mega-biodiversity nation; Endangered and endemic species of India
- Threats to biodiversity: Habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts, biological invasions; Conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and Ex-situ conservation of biodiversity.
- Ecosystem and biodiversity services: Ecological, economic, social, ethical, aesthetic and Informational value
Module – V Environmental Pollution
- Environmental pollution : types, causes, effects and controls; Air, water, soil and noise pollution
- Nuclear hazards and human health risks
- Solid waste management: Control measures of urban and industrial waste.
- Pollution case studies.
Module – VI Environmental Policies & Practices
- Sustainability and sustainable development.
- Climate change, global warming, ozone layer depletion, acid rain and impacts on human communities and agriculture
- Environment Laws: Environment Protection Act; Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act; Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) Act; Wildlife Protection Act; Forest Conservation Act.
- Nature reserves, tribal populations and rights, and human wildlife conflicts in Indian context.
Module – VII Human Communities and the Environment
- Human population growth: Impacts on environment, human health and welfare.
- Resettlement and rehabilitation of project affected persons; case studies.
- Disaster management: floods, earthquake, cyclones and landslides.
- Environmental movements: Chipko, Silent valley, Bishnois of Rajasthan.
- Environmental ethics: Role of Indian and other religions and cultures in environmental conservation.
- Environmental communication and public awareness
- Bharucha, E. 2003, Textbook for Environmental Studies, University Grants Commission, New Delhi and Bharati Vidyapeeth Institute of Environmental Education and Research, Pune. 361.
- Carson, Rachel. 1962. Silent Spring (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1962), Mariner Books, 2002
- Economy, Elizabeth. 2010. The River Runs Black: The Environmental Challenge to China’s Future.
- Gadgil, M. & Ramachandra, G. 1993. This fissured land: an ecological history of India. Univ of California Press.
- Gleeson, B. and Low, N. (eds.) 1999. Global Ethics and Environment, London, Routledge.
- Grumbine, R. Edward, and Pandit, M.K. Threats from India’s Himalaya dams. Science 339.6115 (2013): 36-37.
- Heywood V.H. & Watson, R.T. 1995. Global Biodiversity Assessment. Cambridge University Press.
- McCully, P. 1996. Silenced rivers: the ecology and politics of large dams. Zed Books.
- McNeill, John R. 2000. Something New Under the Sun: An Environmental History of the Twentieth Century.
- Odum, E.P., Odum, H.T. & Andrews, J. 1971. Fundamentals of Ecology. Philadelphia: Saunders.
- Pepper, I.L., Gerba, C.P. & Brusseau, M.L. 2011. Environmental and Pollution Science. Academic press, 2011.
- Rao MN and Datta AK, 1987. Waste Water Treatment. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.
- Raven, P.H., Hassenzahl, D.M. & Berg, L.R. 2012. Environment. 8 th edition. John Wiley & Sons.
- Ricklefs, R. E., & Miller, G.L. 2000. Ecology. W. H. Freeman, New York.
- Robbins, P. 2012. Political ecology: A critical introduction. John Wiley & Sons.
- Rosencranz, A., Divan, S. & Noble, M.L.. Environmental law and policy in India. 2001. Tripathi 1992.
- Sengupta, R. 2003. Ecology and economics (OUP): An approach to sustainable development.” OUP Catalogue.
- Singh, J.S., Singh, S.P. and Gupta, S.R. 2006. Ecology, Environment and Resource Ecology, Environment and Resource Conservation. Anamaya Publishers.
- Sodhi, N.S., Gibson, L. & Raven, P.HG. (eds). 2013. Conservation biology: voices from the Tropics. John Wiley & Sons.
- Van Leeuwen, C. J., & Vermeire, T. G. 2007. Risk assessment of chemicals.
- World Commission on Environment and Development. 1987. Our Common Future. Oxford: Oxford University Press.